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Donor Egg And Donor Sperm Facilities


IVF using donor oocyte (eggs)

Women who are unable to produce their own eggs or have a failed IVF cycle due to poor oocyte quality can be helped by using other women’s eggs (Donor oocytes).  We usually hire donors from certified ART banks recognized by ICMR. Placement of donor embryos and surrogacy are other available options to the infertile couple. 

Donor sperm

Donor sperm is used where a man has no viable sperm and by single women or same-sex couples, who often try self-insemination at home, turning to a clinic if this does not work. Donors may be recruited by fertility clinics or personally by the recipient. The process of sperm donation involves the following stages:

  • The donors are screened for their family medical history and for diseases that can be transmitted through semen.
  • Sperm is frozen and typically banked over several months for its future use.
  • Three to six months later the screening tests are repeated, and the frozen sperm can be made available for use.
  • Counselling is essential for both the recipient and donor and covers the implications of being a donor or having children conceived in this way.

How donor sperm is used depends on the quality and quantity of the banked sperm, the age of the woman, and the presence of any other fertility factors. The simplest approach is IUI without ovarian stimulation, with insemination timed by blood tests. Adding mild ovarian stimulation increases the chance of pregnancy especially in older women. If sperm quality is lower, or the amount of sperm available is limited, or IUI has not worked, then the donor sperm can be used with IVF or even ICSI.

For younger women, the chance of pregnancy from simple IUI with donor sperm is about 20% per month, similar to that of fertile couples.